Cervical Cancer: 10 Facts Every Woman Needs to Know! by Donna John
How much do you know about cervical cancer? Here are 10 things you need to know about cervical cancer from Cancer.org.
- Cervical cancer starts in the cells lining the cervix – the lower part of the uterus (womb).
- The normal cells of the cervix gradually develop pre-cancerous changes that turn into cancer.
- Doctors use several terms to describe these pre-cancerous changes: cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL), and dysplasia.
- Found early by having regular Pap smears, cervical cancer is one of the most treatable cancers.
- HPV is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer. Other risk facts include smoking, a weakened immune system, Chlamydia infection, a diet low in fruits and vegetables, being overweight, long-term use or oral contraceptives, IUD, having multiple full-term pregnancies, being younger than 17 at your first full-term pregnancy, economic status, DES, and having a family history of cervical cancer.
- Women with early cervical cancers and pre-cancers usually have no symptoms.
- Symptoms often do not begin until the cancer becomes invasive and grows into nearby tissue.
- The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are abnormal vaginal bleeding, unusual discharge from the vagina, and pain during sex.
- Common types of treatments for cervical cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
- It is often a good idea to get a second opinion, especially from doctors experienced in treating cervical cancer.
Learn even more about cervical cancer at Cancer.org.