Growth Mindset vs. Fixed Mindset in Kids: A Professor Explains How They're Different by Kim Kusiciel
You may have heard the term “growth mindset.” It refers to research by Dr. Carol Dweck, a professor of Psychology at Stanford University.
Her research found that:
- Students with a growth mindset are more likely to take risks.
- Learn from their mistakes.
- Are self-motivated.
- Ask for feedback.
- Learn more than peers with a fixed mindset.
Why? Because they view their skills and intelligence as able to be improved or developed. Whereas students with a fixed mindset are more likely to:
- Give up when something is too hard
- Be afraid to try new things.
- Can become jealous of peers because they view their skills and intelligence as set or unchangeable.
A student with a fixed mindset might say, “I don’t know this.” However, a student with a growth mindset would say, “I don’t know this YET.”
An easy way to encourage a growth mindset is to ask, “What helped you keep going when faced with a challenge today?” instead of asking “What did you do today?” For more information, check out Dr. Carol Dweck's TED Talk.
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