Home Care Tips for the Coronavirus: How to Help Stop the Spread of the Coronavirus in Homes & Communities, From the CDC by 30Seconds Health
With the coronavirus outbreak, it is a possibility that you or someone in your family may be quarantined due to the illness. Your health-care provider and public health staff will evaluate whether you can be cared for at home, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If it is determined that you do not need to be hospitalized and can be isolated at home, the CDC says you will be monitored by staff from your local or state health department. You should follow the prevention steps below from the CDC until a health-care provider or local or state health department says you can return to your normal activities:
1. Stay Home Except to Get Medical Care
You should restrict activities outside your home, except for getting medical care. Do not go to work, school or public areas. Avoid using public transportation, ride-sharing or taxis.
2. Separate Yourself From Other People and Animals in Your Home
People: As much as possible, you should stay in a specific room and away from other people in your home. Also, you should use a separate bathroom, if available.
Animals: You should restrict contact with pets and other animals while you are sick with COVID-19, just like you would around other people. Although there have not been reports of pets or other animals becoming sick with COVID-19, it is still recommended that people sick with COVID-19 limit contact with animals until more information is known about the virus. When possible, have another member of your household care for your animals while you are sick. If you are sick with COVID-19, avoid contact with your pet, including petting, snuggling, being kissed or licked and sharing food. If you must care for your pet or be around animals while you are sick, wash your hands before and after you interact with pets and wear a facemask. See COVID-19 and Animals for more information.
3. Call Head Before Visiting Your Doctor
If you have a medical appointment, call the health-care provider and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the health-care provider’s office take steps to keep other people from getting infected or exposed.
4. Wear a Facemask
You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) or pets and before you enter a health-care provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then people who live with you should not stay in the same room with you or they should wear a facemask if they enter your room.
5. Cover Your Coughs and Sneezes
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60 to 95 percent alcohol, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry. Soap and water should be used preferentially if hands are visibly dirty.
6. Clean Your Hands Often
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60 to 95 percent alcohol, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry. Soap and water should be used preferentially if hands are visibly dirty. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
7. Avoid Sharing Personal Household Items
You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people or pets in your home. After using these items, they should be washed thoroughly with soap and water.
8. Clean All “High-Touch” Surfaces Every Day
High-touch surfaces include counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables. Also, clean any surfaces that may have blood, stool or body fluids on them. Use a household cleaning spray or disinfecting wipe, according to the label instructions. Labels contain instructions for safe and effective use of the cleaning product including precautions you should take when applying the product, such as wearing gloves and making sure you have good ventilation during use of the product.
9. Monitor Your Symptoms
Seek prompt medical attention if your illness is worsening (e.g., difficulty breathing). Before seeking care, call your health-care provider and tell them that you have, or are being evaluated for, COVID-19. Put on a facemask before you enter the facility. These steps will help the health-care provider’s office to keep other people in the office or waiting room from getting infected or exposed. Ask your health-care provider to call the local or state health department. Persons who are placed under active monitoring or facilitated self-monitoring should follow instructions provided by their local health department or occupational health professionals, as appropriate.
If you have a medical emergency and need to call 911, notify the dispatch personnel that you have, or are being evaluated for COVID-19. If possible, put on a facemask before emergency medical services arrive.
10. Discontinuing Home Isolation
Patients with confirmed COVID-19 should remain under home-isolation precautions until the risk of secondary transmission to others is thought to be low. The decision to discontinue home isolation precautions should be made on a case-by-case basis, in consultation with health-care providers and state and local health departments.
The information on 30Seconds.com is for informational and entertainment purposes only, and should not be considered medical advice. The information provided through this site should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease, and is not a substitute for professional care. Always consult your personal healthcare provider.
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